The idea of launching the first international initiative aimed at long-term and sustainable solution to the problem of members of the Roma community, was born at a regional conference in Budapest 2003 year.
Two years after 2005, eight countries of Southeast Europe have committed themselves to improving the situation of this minority community, declaring the following 10 years Decade of Roma Inclusion.
International partners are Institiut for an Open Society, World Bank, European Commission, UNDP, OSCE, Council of Europe and the Council of Europe Development Bank. The declaration was signed by the prime ministers of member states - in Sofia on February 2, 2005.
Excerpts from the Declaration
"Based on the conclusions of the conference "Roma in an Expanding Europe - Challenges for the Future", 2003 year promises to our government to work towards the elimination of discrimination and the elimination of the unacceptable gaps between Roma and the rest of society, as pointed out in our strategic documents of the Decade".
"Nothing about us without us - representatives of the Roma community and Roma civil organizations should be involved in all stages of the implementation of the Decade; should participate in determining the priority areas and objectives of the Decade and play a key role in monitoring the implementation of the objectives of the Decade."
"Roma Decade promotes the principle of anti-discrimination, advocates for the inclusion of Roma in all spheres of social life, promoting equal opportunities and aims at ending segregation of the Roma community."
"Decade priority areas: education, health, employment, housing. Binding immersive three areas in which the act: poverty, gender equality and combating discrimination."
At the policy level, all Member States have adopted the Decade action plans for achieving the objectives of the Decade of Roma Inclusion. However, their implementation led to sustainable results, and it is necessary that each of these countries and further revise their general and sectoral policies and adapt them to the objectives of the Decade. The need to further strengthen the capacity of the state to implement Roma policy does not apply solely to the government in the narrow sense, but also to the local authorities, especially in institutions such as schools, hospitals, nurseries, courts or police. How much these institutions, and employed in them, able to commit to the specific needs of the Roma, communities depend on whether the process of emancipation and integration flow synchronized and harmonious.
Any delay in the development of the institutional capacity of government to respond to the legitimate demands of its citizens or impropriety to devote to them, or the lack of genuine political willingness (determination, courage) to adopt a political decision, can lead to problems overwhelm the capacity to address them and produce unwanted situation in which one could have recourse to the non institutional or undemocratic problem solving.
With the aim of ensuring continuous monitoring and effective implementation of strategic documents on national and local proficiency level and thus further an achievement of the objectives of the Decade of Roma Inclusion (2005 -2015), civil society organizations that bring together members of the Roma community and those dealing with Roma issues and advocate for reducing the gap between Roma and non - Roma population in Serbia and the elimination of all forms of discrimination, have agreed to establish a mechanism for monitoring and advocating for the achievement of the objectives of the Decade.
Formed by a coalition of civil society organizations League for Decade of Roma have following tasks:
- promote the values of social justice and equal rights in the process of inclusion of Roma in all spheres of social life
- develops sensitivity of the majority community, as well as other minority communities to the problems of the Roma minority
- represents the interests of the Roma community in the implementation of the government's plans and programs to achieve the objectives of the Decade of Roma Inclusion
- supports the participation of Roma in the planning and implementation of system programs and projects that contribute to the advancement of Roma
- provides assistance to state authorities in designing and implementing policies designed to foster Roma
- monitor the process of the realization of strategic plans
- Roma community informed about activities that contribute to better implementation of the objectives of the Decade
League members are 60 Roma organizations and non - Roma dealing with Roma issues and in particular activities related to the implementation of the Decade and / or monitoring of the implementation of strategic documents for the Decade of Roma at the local and national level. They are organized by the working group for education, health care, employment and housing.
These working groups in communication with relevant ministries and institutions analyze the specific problems of implementation of action plans, each in its own domain, made up of proposals and recommendations for the implementation of concrete measures, which all together represents technical support activities of the League in the process of representation for implementing obligations that the Government of the Republic of Serbia signing the international Declaration and the adoption of national action plans. Each working group has a representative on the Coordinating Body .
The idea of formalizing the League for the Decade ripens 2013 occurs when SKRUG League Roma occurs.